The PGA Championship - Tournament records
In the early 1910s, American golfers such as Francis Ouimet, Walter Hagen and John McDermott were enjoying increasing success against the Scots and the English in the US Open, which spurred enormous growth of golf in America.
In Britain, the Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) had been founded in 1901, and some 15 years later was already running a successful, commercially sponsored (by the News of the World newspaper) 36 hole matchplay Championship for professionals.
On January 17, 1916, Rodman Wanamaker, a department store magnate who foresaw the commercial potential for golf and admired the British PGA's initiatives, invited a group of 35 professional golfers (including Hagen), well-known amateurs, course architects and representatives from the golf industry to a lunch in New York.
The result was the founding of the PGA of America and the PGA Championship, sponsored by Wanamaker, who provided the trophy, a purse of $2,580 and a first prize of $500, ironically won by an English caddie and club-maker from Cornwall, Jim Barnes - although Barnes had moved to the US in 1906 and turned pro, taking US citizenship shortly after.
From 1916 to 1957 the format of the Championship remained the original 36 holes of matchplay, although the field was first whittled down to 32 or 64 qualifiers by 36 holes of strokeplay. Since 1958, it has been decided by 72 holes of strokeplay.
Automatic qualification for the PGA Championship is granted to:
• the winners of the last five U.S. Opens
Most consecutive wins:
Gene Sarazen at 20 years, 5 months and 20 days, in 1922
Julius Boros at 48 years, 4 months and 18 days, in 1968 (this is also the record for the oldest winner of any Major Championship)
Most times runner-up:
4, by Jack Nicklaus in 1964, 1965, 1974, 1983
Most times in the top 3:
12, by Jack Nicklaus
Most times in the top 10:
15, by Jack Nicklaus
265 (-15) by David Toms at Atlanta in 2001 (NB: this is also the lowest aggregate in any Major Championship)
Lowest under par:
20 under, by Jason Day at Whistling Straits in 2015 (also an all-time major socring record to par)
Biggest winning margin:
8 shots, by Rory McIlroy at Kiawah Island in 2012
63 (-7), by Bruce Crampton at Firestone in 1975
Lowest 9 holes:
28, by Brad Faxon at Riviera in 1995
Lowest 36 holes:
131 (-11), by Hal Sutton at Riviera in 1983
Lowest 54 holes:
196 (-14), by David Toms at Atlanta in 2001
Lowest last 36 holes:
131 (-9), by Mark Calcavecchia at Atlanta in 2001
Lowest last 54 holes:
198 (-18), by Bob May at Valhalla in 2000
Biggest 18-hole lead:
3 shots, by Bobby Nichols at Columbus in 1964, and by Raymond Floyd at Southern Hills in 1982
Biggest 36-hole lead:
5 shots, by Nick Price atSouthern Hills in 1994
Biggest 54-hole lead:
5 shots, by Raymond Floyd at Dayton in 1969, by Tom Watson at Oakmont in 1978, and by Raymond Floyd again at Southern Hills in 1982
Best last-day comeback to win:
7 shots, by John Mahaffey at Oakmont, 1978
37, by Arnold Palmer and Jack Nicklaus
Most sub-par rounds:
53, by Jack Nicklaus
Most rounds in 60s:
41, by Jack Nicklaus
Most cuts made:
27, by Raymond Floyd and Jack Nicklaus
Bobby Nichols in 1964
141 (+1) at Atlanta in 2001
154 (+14) at Llanerch in 1958
Jim Barnes at Siwanoy, 1916
Winners' nationalities (out of 93 playings):
US - 80 times
In 2008, Padraig Harrington became the first European (citizenship at the time of playing) to win the PGA, although a number of British born pros who had taken US citizenship won in the early years.
Jay Hebert in 1960 (strokeplay) and Lionel Hebert in 1957 (the last year of matchplay). They are one of only five sets of brothers to have won major championships.
In winning the 1973 PGA Championship, Jack Nicklaus took his 12th professional major, overhauling Walter Hagen's record of 11. It was also his 14th professional or amateur major (he won the US Amateur twice), overhauling Bobby Jones' record of 13, thus making Nicklaus "officially" the greatest golfer of all time - a record he still holds with his final tally of 18 professional and 2 amateur majors.